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ҽѧԺУѧˮƽӰҪ̽

ʱ:2019-11-18 10:03:˼
ĵһƪҽѧԺУѧˮƽӰҪ̽,ᷢչ,˺¼Լͻ¹ƵƵ,¼ͻԤ⡢ֳҡԱ鸴жϵص㡣¹,ȷԺǰֶοһ̶ȵؼСԱ¹˺,ԱĶ

ժ    ҪĿ ˽ɽijҽѧУУҽѧ״̽DZӰ,ΪҽѧиƵԺǰṩݡ ҽѧȼ뼱Ӱصʾ,÷ֲķɽһҽƴѧͬ꼶רҵ1145ҽѧʾ,ʹöԪԻع̽DZӰء ҽѧƽ÷Ϊ67.4±13.062015ҽѧƽ÷Ϊ71.33±12.77,Ըڵ꼶ѧ;ٴҽѧѧͻѧѧƽ÷Ϊ69.16±12.7669.73±10.80,Ըרҵоʾ꼶(β=0.095)ٴרҵ(β=0.068)Լ֪ʶĿ(β=0.051)ȵİȫʩ׼(β=0.048)ʱѹ״(β=0.033)뼱ĵ÷ء УҽѧԺǰԽϵ,꼶רҵʶ״̬ȷӰ켱÷ֵDZӰءѧУӦǿҽѧ֪ʶռ

ؼʣҽѧ; ; ״;

AbstractObjective: To understand the current situation of first-aid ability of medical students in a Shandong college and explore its potential influencing factors so as to provide medical students with a more complete pre-hospital first-aid program. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey covering 1145 medical students around Taishan Medical University based on a self-designed structured questionnaire. The stratified random sampling method was adopted to select respondents and the multiple linear regression model was used to explore the potential influencing factors.Results: The average score of first aid ability of medical students was 67.4±13.06. The average first-aid ability score of medical students in grade of 2015 was 71.33 ± 12.77, which was significantly higher than that of students in lower grades. The average first-aid ability scores of clinical medicine students and nursing students were 69.16 ± 12.76 and 69.73±10.80, which was higher than those in other majors' students. Multifactor analysis showed that the first-aid ability score was significantly associated with grade(β=0.095), clinical specialty(β=0.068), desire for first-aid knowledge(β=0.051), preparation for safety measures in advance(β=0.048), and stress status in difficult situations(β=0.033). Conclusion: The first-aid ability of medical students at the school is generally low. Grade, specialty, consciousness of first-aid, and psychological state are the potential factors influencing the score of first-aid ability. The school should strengthen the publicity of its first-aid knowledge education and popularization work.

Keywordmedical students; first-aid ability; cross-sectional study;

ᷢչ,˺¼Լͻ¹ƵƵ,¼ͻԤ⡢ֳҡԱ鸴жϵص[1]¹,ȷԺǰֶοһ̶ȵؼСԱ¹˺,ԱĶ˺;ʱԺǰȻԱʱ,ɲҪĺ˺оʾ,˺дԼһ·ֳ,ҪֳΡ˲,ӳٵصµIJҪ,Լ1/3ǿԱ[2]ѧΪʱҾõ֪ʶ,ӦһԺǰ֪ʶ,ջļֶ,Ϊ“һĿ”ְ[3]ҽѧΪδҽԱ,Żҽѧ,ӦóеԺǰȵְ𡣵о,ҽѧȹ,ȱһļ[4]ijҽѧУУ԰ͻ¹ʺͻ¼1078Уѧʾʾ:ѧ֪Ӧijʶ,˽ӦʶͬѧھIJȴȡ˴Ĵ,ܷѧ˹76.9%ĸߴ,60%ϵܷѧ֪ж֢״д¡кȼȴʩ[5]ֽ׶ζԴѧо϶,ǺܴһֽƬоѧ״,ûж״Ӱؽ,޷ѧصóߴѧЧʩΪ˽ҽѧľ弱״ԼоҽѧĴʩ,ооҽѧ״ԼӰ,ɸоݵʹҽѧߵķ,ҽѧļȹ,Ժǰֳֵķҽѧ֪ʶ,Ϊҽ˲ס
 

ҽѧԺУѧˮƽӰҪ̽
 

1 뷽

1.1

ѡȡɽʡ̩ɽһҽƴѧΪֳ,ȡֲķ,ԻҽѧԺѧԺǻѧԺѧԺѧԺҩѧԺIJרҵ2015—2017ѧ,1250,ɹ1145,Чʾ1119,Чʴ97.7%

1.2

ʽʾʽомʽ顣ݰ:һ˿ѧҽѧȼͼӰĿݼ֪ʶܡȳʶ,ҽѧȼͼӰĿ,ǰҪķθա˰Աˡͥ⼱ȵȷ湲16Ŀ,ҪءԼع20ĿʾЧȼʾʾṹָ,2ܺزŶ0.75,ʾнϺõЧȡ

1.3

ʾEXCEL2010ʾе,Ⱥ˲Ժ׼ȷ,޳Чʾ,IBM SPSS 20.0ͳƷ:оһþ͹ɱ,ͬȺ÷x?±sx?±s,ϼȽϲöt,ϼȽϲõط(رȽϲLSD),öԪԻعּ̽÷DZӰ,мˮ׼ȡα=0.05

2

2.1 һ

һʾ1145,޳ϸʾ26,õЧʾ1119,Ч97.7%1Ϊͬ꼶ԱĹ,369(ռ33.0%),Ů750(ռ67.0%);2ΪͬרҵԴ,гԴ550(ռ49.2%),ũԴ569(ռ50.8%)жŮ215(ռ58.3%),ŮжŮ260(ռ34.7%)

1 ͬ꼶Ա𹹳
1 ͬ꼶Ա𹹳

2 ͬרҵԴ
2 ͬרҵԴ

2.2 ѧ

3ΪѧÿĿشʾ:A3(ķθյȷλ)ȷ,Ϊ95.4%;A11(˻ԻϢΣԱķʽ)ȷ(27.0%)ѶȾ˻ش,ǹ涨ȷ70%ϵĸֵΪ5,60%70%֮ĸֵ7,60%µĸֵΪ9,Ϊ100֡

1119ҽѧƽ÷Ϊ67.4±13.06ͬ˿ѧļԲ÷4ʾ:2015ѧƽ÷Ϊ71.33±12.77,20162017ѧȲͳѧ;ͬרҵѧƽ÷ִͳѧ,ѧѧƽ÷Ϊ69.73±10.80,Ԥѧƽ÷Ϊ60.16±12.36;ƽ÷Ϊ66.63±13.35,Ůƽ÷Ϊ67.77±12.91,ͳѧ;Ůƽ÷Ϊ68.44±12.63,ǶŮƽ÷Ϊ66.63±13.33,Ů÷ָڷǶŮ;Դƽ÷Ϊ68.13±12.88,ũԴƽ÷Ϊ66.68±13.22,ͳѧ졣

3 Ŀش
3 Ŀش

ע:A1,ӦʩȵԱ;A2,жֹͣЧķ;A3,ķθյȷλ;A4,ķθఴѹλ;A5,ⰴѹʱǷ豣˫ֱ;A6,˹;A7,ֹѪõƷ;A8,ԱʱܷıԱ;A9,о˵ijеԱǷӦͷ˶;A10,ȼ۵Աʱȷ;A11,˻ԻϢΣԱķʽ;A12,˼Աķʽ;A13,˵ȷȷ;A14,ͷزʱȷ;A15,ָжϼȷ;A16,úжȷ

2.3 ÷ֵĶط

÷ֶ𲽶ԪԻع5ʾ20йظءԼصĿֻ3ģ͡ʾ:꼶뼱,꼶Խѧ伱÷Խ,ұ׼β(0.154),Լ÷ֹ;ٴѧ,Ԥѧƽ;B1(˽⼱֪ʶ̶)B2(ڿܽӴΣǰðȫʩ)B9(Ѻ͸ʱѹС)뼱,ҲԽ˽⼱֪ʶѧԽԸڿܽӴΣǰðȫʩѧԼʱѹԽСѧ伱÷Խ,βֱΪ0.0510.0480.033

4 ͬ˿ѧļԲ÷
4 ͬ˿ѧļԲ÷

ע: *P<0.05 vs.2015;aP<0.05 vs.ٴҽѧ;bP<0.05 vs.Ԥ;cP<0.05 vs.ҩѧ

5 ÷𲽶ԪԻع
5 ÷𲽶ԪԻع

ע:B1,ҿ˽ļ֪ʶ;B2,ԽӴΣյʱ,һӦİȫʩ;B9,ѻʱһ᲻Ľ,оѹܴ(ֵ)

3

鷢̩ҽѧƽ÷Ϊ67.4±13.06,˵֪ʶ뼼һ㡣ͬ꼶רҵŮѧҲͬ,꼶(2015)ѧԸڵ꼶ѧ(20162017),ٴҽѧרҵ÷ָҽѧרҵ,ѧУԼڲͬרҵ꼶չ̶ȵIJͬһϵолֶԼ֪ʶĿȵİȫʩ׼ʱѹ״3ؿɶҽѧļӰ;Ӷطп˽⵽꼶Լ÷ֵĹ,Уڵ꼶ûҽѧγйء

ֳֺԮӦյij5ֹͨѪ̶Ͱ[6],ʾҲ5ķθաֹѪ˴ȷԱ,ҽѧԶһѧ,˽˵ļȷҽѧΪ73.6%,˽˵ķҽѧΪ31.3%[7];ҽѧķθյλõΪ38.9%,ҽѧʽΪ8.9%[8]л˶ҽѧҽѧԼ̶֪ȵĵоҲҽѧҽѧķθڽϴIJ[9]ͣвһַdzΣաȵļ֢֮һ,ʱѧУͥκγ,ȷķθտΪȵֶΡо֤ʵ,ҹԼ70%ͻ⻼ֳ,޷صʧ[10]оʾҽѧķθյλõʽΪ38.9%,ȷķθյҽѧ2/5ҽѧƽ÷Խϵ,ﲻܹ淶Ժǰȵı׼,ҽѧеž˵ְ,Ӧͻ¼ʵʩӦֳԮ,УӦǿҽѧ

о2015ҽѧ÷20162017ҽѧ÷ͳѧ,Ҷط꼶ΪԼ÷ֹ,˵꼶ҽѧԼճ̶ߡ˼˶۰Ĵѧ֪ʶ֪ӰطҲͬķ,ѧУչγ̰һϵ[11]ͬרҵҽѧ꼶ˮƽԶڵ꼶ɵóѧУڵ꼶ѧڼطڿ١ͬΪ“һĿ”뼱ֳεҽѧ[3],꼶ͬѧҲӦӵȷļȹļ,ҽѧԺУҽѧо翪輱ؿγ,꼶ѧͻ¼ʱû㹻Ժǰȵ²ҪԱ

طо,Խ˽⼱֪ʶѧԽԸڿܽӴΣǰðȫʩѧ伱Խǿ,ҲѧļȹǼҪӰ,ѧУҽѧм֪ʶռʱɲϷ档ҽѧлӦǿԼʶĽ,ѧУҪľԸ,Ӧôӹʼиı[12],ѧʶԺǰȵҪԡоʱѹԽСѧ伱Խǿ,ҽѧѧ˵̬й,ѧУԸ÷濪һЩصĿγ̻,ͬʱѧרҵ,Ϊҽ˲,¹ʵ˺͡

ο

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