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棚户区改造中居民拆迁安置问题探析

时间:2019-03-21 09:43作者:曼切
本文导读:这是一篇关于棚户区改造中居民拆迁安置问题探析的文章,棚户区改造是改善群众居住条件,促进城镇化发展的重要途径。在城镇化进程中如何解决好棚户区居民房屋拆迁安置的问题,是现代化城市建设的关键因素。

本篇文章目录导航:

【题目】棚户区改造中居民拆迁安置问题探析
【绪论】房屋拆迁安置户满意度调查分析绪论
【第一章】相关概念界定与理论基础
【第二章】棚户区拆迁安置政策的发展历程及现状
【第三章】乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策满意度调查
【第四章】影响棚户区安置政策满意度主要因素的实证分析
【第五章】完善乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策的建议
【参考文献】棚户区居民安置政策实施效果研究参考文献

  摘 要

  
  棚户区改造是改善群众居住条件,促进城镇化发展的重要途径。在城镇化进程中如何解决好棚户区居民房屋拆迁安置的问题,是现代化城市建设的关键因素。近年来,在全国各地棚户区改造的过程中,很多安置户的满意度并不高,尤其是在安置后的几年里,安置户的生活水平,发展环境等很多方面都受到了限制,这不仅引起了安置户的不满,在一定程度上也影响了基层的安稳,不利于社会的和谐、稳定发展。安置户是棚户区改造进程中,房屋拆迁的主体,政府应该秉承以人为本的原则,促进安置居民满意度的提升。本文在这一背景之下,分析了棚户区改造进程中,居民房屋拆迁安置的满意度,并对这一问题进行深入的研究,有利于发现问题,并从整体上提升安置户的满意度,同时也能体现出政府以人为本的原则,这对于促进社会和谐、稳定发展,具有重要的现实价值和意义。
  
  本文通过文献分析、实地调查与实证分析等研究方法,以乌海市为研究对象,在概述相关概念的基础之上,分析了乌海市近年来棚户区改造的现状,以及棚户区改造中居民房屋拆迁安置的现状。随后文章设计了相关调查问卷,并且向乌海市的棚户区居民进行发放回收问卷,采取回归分析的方法,对棚户区改造进程当中,被迁居民安置的满意度相关问题进行了实证分析,最后提出了相应的政策建议。整体而言,本文的研究发现了如下问题:
  
  (1)通过对数据的描述性分析发现,对拆迁安置政策满意度有显着影响的因素主要包括:被调查者个人特征(受教育水平、收入水平),居住条件类指标(交通便利程度,安置前房屋结构),社区服务与物业管理类指标,公共服务类指标(生活便利程度),拆迁补偿类指标(对拆迁安置程序的满意程度、对安置方式的满意程度、对拆迁补偿费用的满意程度)。
  
  (2)通过问卷数据的回归分析发现,居民受教育水平,居民房屋在拆迁安置前距公路的距离,集中安置小区社区服务的水平以及拆迁补偿类指标对拆迁安置政策整体满意度有显着影响。其他因素对棚户区改造进程中,居民房屋拆迁安置的整体满意度影响并不显着。

棚户区改造中居民拆迁安置问题探析

  
  (3)确保棚户区居民房屋拆迁安置工作合理高效,提高整体满意度,要采取多种棚户区居民房屋拆迁方式和补偿方法相结合的手段,实行拆迁安置方式的多样化。同时,完善棚户区居民房屋拆迁安置工作,制定科学、合理的棚户区居民房屋拆迁安置补偿方案,提高棚户区居民的整体满意程度。
  
  关键词:棚户区;拆迁安置;政策满意度;Ordinal Logistic 回归。
  

  ABSTRACT

  
  The transformation of shantytowns is an important way to improve people'sliving conditions and promote the development of urbanization. In the process ofurbanization, how to solve the problem of housing demolition and resettlement inshantytowns is a key factor in the construction of modern cities. In recent years, inthe process of turn shantytowns into new housing areas across the country, placed alot of satisfaction is not high, especially in the relocation in the years after, place ofliving standards, the development environment is limited in many respects, such as,this not only caused the resettlement of discontent, to a certain extent, also affectedthe grassroots, is not conducive to social harmony and stable development.
  
  Resettlement households are the main body of housing demolition in the process ofshantytown reconstruction. The government should adhere to the people-orientedprinciple and promote the satisfaction of resettlement residents. Under thisbackground, this paper analyzes the shanty towns in the process of transformation,the satisfaction degree of the residents' housing demolition resettlement, and carrieson the thorough research to this problem, to found the problem, and enhanceresettlement households from overall satisfaction, at the same time can also reflectsthe people-oriented principle, to promote social harmony and stable development, hasimportant practical value and significance.
  
  Based on the field survey method, empirical analysis method and other researchmethods, this paper takes wuhai city as the research object, and on the basis ofsummarizing relevant concepts, analyzes the current situation of the renovation ofrundown areas in wuhai city in recent years, as well as the current situation of thedemolition and resettlement of residential houses in the renovation of rundown areas.
  
  Subsequently, this paper designed relevant questionnaires, issued and collectedquestionnaires to relevant residents of wuhai city, adopted the method of regressionanalysis, conducted empirical analysis on the satisfaction of displaced residents in theprocess of shantytown reconstruction, and finally put forward corresponding policyrecommendations. On the whole, the research of this paper found the followingproblems:
  
  (1) through descriptive analysis of the data, it is found that the factorsinfluencing the satisfaction degree of urban-rural integration demolition andresettlement mainly include: Respondents personal characteristics, education level,family income), different living condition before resettlement indicators for buildingstructure, placed before the distance (road), public service class index (placed)shopping convenience degree before and after the change, community services andproperty management index (of the resettlement residential area environmentsatisfaction, satisfaction with community service facilities for resettlement, theresettlement village community service, satisfaction with the degree of satisfactionfor resettlement residential property services), land expropriation compensationindexes (for relocation degree of satisfaction, satisfaction to compensation costs)etc.
  
  (2) through the regression analysis of questionnaire data, in the process of thetransformation of rundown areas in wuhai city, the highway distance before thesettlement of residents, the way to enhance the resettlement of property services inthe resettlement community, and the satisfaction degree of resettlement costcompensation all show a positive correlation with the satisfaction degree of housingrequisition and resettlement. Due to education, there is a negative correlation betweenthe expropriation, relocation and resettlement of residents' houses in the process ofshantytown reconstruction. Other factors have no significant influence on thesatisfaction of housing requisition, relocation and resettlement in the process ofshantytown reconstruction.
  
  (3) to ensure the reasonable and efficient demolition and resettlement of thehouses of the residents in shantytowns and improve their overall satisfaction, variousmeans combining demolition and resettlement methods and compensation methodsshould be adopted to diversify the resettlement methods. At the same time, we willimprove the demolition and resettlement of housing in rundown areas, formulatescientific and reasonable compensation schemes for the demolition and resettlementof housing in rundown areas, and improve the overall satisfaction of the householdsin the demolition and resettlement of housing in rundown areas.
  
  Key words: shanty towns; Demolition and resettlement; Policy satisfaction; TheOrdinal Logistic regress
  
  目 录
  
  绪论
  
  (一)研究背景与意义

  1.研究背景
  2.研究意义
  
  (二)国内外研究现状
  1.国外研究现状
  2.国内研究现状
  3.研究评述
  
  (三)研究内容与方法
  1.研究内容
  2.研究方法
  
  (四)研究创新与不足
  
  一、相关概念界定与理论基础
  
  (一)概念界定

  1.棚户区
  2.棚户区改造
  
  (二)理论基础
  1.期望理论
  2.政策评估理论.
  
  (三)拆迁安置政策满意度的标准
  1.公共服务政策整体满意度
  2.社区服务与物业管理政策整体满意度
  3.拆迁补偿类指标政策满意度
  4.居住条件类指标满意度
  
  二、乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策的发展历程及现状.
  
  (一)乌海市棚户区拆迁安置现状

  1.乌海市棚户区改造情况
  2.乌海市棚户区拆迁安置情况
  
  (二)乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策分析
  1.乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策演变
  2.乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策的内容
  3.乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策的演进
  
  三、乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策满意度调查
  
  (一)问卷编制与设计

  1.问卷编制原则
  2.问卷设计
  3.问卷发放与回收
  
  (二)乌海市棚户区安置政策满意度描述性统计分析
  1.不同被调查者个体特征对整体满意度的影响
  2.安置前不同居住条件对整体满意度的影响
  3.公共服务类指标对整体满意度的影响
  4.社区服务与物业管理类指标对整体满意度的影响
  5.拆迁补偿类指标对整体满意度的影响
  
  四、影响乌海市棚户区安置政策满意度主要因素的实证分析.
  
  (一)模型及变量

  1.模型选取
  2.变量选取
  3.变量说明
  
  (二)实证分析
  1.Logistic 回归分析
  2.不同因素的实证结果分析
  3.实证结论
  
  五、完善乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策的建议.
  
  (一)加大公众参与力度

  1.提高居民监督意识
  2.保障居民的知情权
  3.形成多远化的安置政策评估主题
  
  (二)完善乌海市棚户区拆迁安置政策相关制度
  1.补偿标准合理化
  2.扩大补偿范围和增加补偿安置政策方式
  3.完善迁后社会保障
  
  (三)完善乌海市棚户区房屋拆迁补偿安置建设
  1.提高安置小区的配套设施
  2.改善安置小区公共服务建设
  3.完善安置小区交通等环境建设
  
  参考文献
  
  致谢

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