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农村土地产权体制优化探究

时间:2019-02-22 10:43作者:曼切
本文导读:这是一篇关于农村土地产权体制优化探究的文章,土地是农业、农村发展的前提,是农民赖以生存的基础。自实行农村家庭联产承包制以来,农村发展活力得到有效激活,但随着农村生产力的不断发展和社会经济水平的提高,农村土地产权制度已经不能满足农村更为迫切的发展

本篇文章目录导航:

【题目】农村土地产权体制优化探究
【第一章】农村土地承包经营权确权问题探讨绪论
【第二章】土地产权制度改革的相关概念和理论基础
【3.1-3.4】农村土地产权规制改革实践
【3.5】土地制度改革效果分析
【第四章】农村土地产权改革中存在的主要问题及原因
【第五章】完善土地产权政策改革的对策建议
【参考文献】农村土地制度深化改革研究结论与参考文献

  中文摘要

  
  土地是农业、农村发展的前提,是农民赖以生存的基础。自实行农村家庭联产承包制以来,农村发展活力得到有效激活,但随着农村生产力的不断发展和社会经济水平的提高,农村土地产权制度已经不能满足农村更为迫切的发展需要。
  
  为有效应对解决新形势下“三农”问题呈现的新变化,进一步激活农村发展动能,为实施好乡村振兴战略打下坚实基础,农村土地产权制度改革势在必行。
  
  自 2013 年起,肥城市作为全国第二批农村土地承包经营权确权登记试点市,全面理解、准确把握十八大以来关于农村土地产权制度改革的精神,坚持先行先试,科学规范运作。具体操作上,制定并严格按照《关于开展“6+1”农村产权制度改革工作的意见》,实施农村集体经济组织产权制度改革、土地承包经营权确权颁证、农村集体土地确权颁证、农村房屋确权颁证、集体林权改革、水利产权改革“6 项改革”以及搭建农村产权交易融资平台“1 个平台”,确立了“三步走”
  
  的工作方式推行试点改革。第一步,完成各项产权的确权、登记和颁证工作;第二步,搭建农村产权交易融资平台,实现农民财产权的置换、抵押和流转;第三步,规范完善体制机制,构建与市场经济体制相适应的农村现代产权制度。改革实践中,肥城市先后成立了改革工作领导小组,设立了市、镇产权交易中心,完成了改革机构设置;按照工作要求,制定出台了《肥城市农村土地承包经营权确权登记实施方案》,明确了工作原则、主要内容、操作步骤、工作流程,完善了改革机制;完成了农村土地承包经营权确权登记颁证工作,并配套完善了市镇村三级产权交易网络。

农村土地产权体制优化探究

  
  肥城市前期改革成效主要体现在赋予农民更多权利、激活农村发展活力、提高土地集约利用率和强化集体资产监管四个方面,为加快农村土地所有权、承包权、经营权“三权分置”创造了有利条件,有效地促进了要素流动,优化了资源配置。肥城市农村土地产权制度改革做法得到了上级高度评价,对其他县市区深化改革提供了丰富的参考经验,但同时也存在不规范和效果不佳等问题,研究解决这些问题,扩大改革成效正是本文的主要写作目的。笔者通过分析问题成因,提出了 5 点建议:一是建议建立完善农村土地使用权流转制度、土地产权登记制度,并加强对农村土地产权的法律保护。二是进一步明确产权归属,保护农民合法权益。三是通过强化政府引导、加强监管服务和金融融入参与,规范改革程序,确保改革深入具体。四是严守土地“红线”,保护耕地质量。五是学习借鉴其他地区先进经验,创新改革模式,扩大改革成效。希望以上建议能为有关部门决策提供参考,对肥城市下一步深化改革提供一定帮助。
  
  关键词: 
农村土地产权制度改革;肥城市;试点;改革效果;建议
  

  Abstract

  
  Land is the premise of agriculture and rural development, and it is the basis forfarmers to survive. Since the implementation of the rural household contract system, thevitality of rural development has been greatly activated. However, with the continuousdevelopment of rural productivity and the improvement of social and economic levels,the existing rural land system can no longer meet the more urgent development needs ofrural areas. In order to effectively cope with the new changes brought about by solvingthe "three rural issues" under the new situation, further boosting the rural developmentmomentum and laying a solid foundation for the implementation of the ruralrevitalization strategy, the reform of the rural land property rights system is imperative.
  
  Since 2013, Feicheng City has been the second batch of pilot cities for theregistration of rural land contractual management rights in the country. It hascomprehensively understood and accurately grasped the spirit of the reform of the ruralland property rights system since the 18th National Congress, and insisted on pioneeringand scientific operation. In terms of specific operations, the Bank formulated andstrictly followed the "Opinions on the Implementation of the ?6+1?Rural Property RightSystem Reform Work", implemented the reform of the property rights system of ruralcollective economic organizations, the certification of land contractual managementrights, and the certification of rural collective land rights. The rural housing rightscertification, collective forest rights reform, water conservancy property rights reform"six reforms" and the establishment of a rural property rights trading financing platform"one platform", take a "three-step" work mode to promote pilot reform. The first stepis to complete the confirmation, registration and certification of various property rights.
  
  The second step is to build a rural property rights transaction financing platform torealize the replacement, mortgage and circulation of farmers' property rights. The thirdstep is to standardize and improve the system and mechanism. The rural modernproperty rights system that is compatible with the market economic system. In thepractice of reform, Feicheng has successively set up a reform work leading group,established a municipal and township property rights trading center, and completed theestablishment of reform institutions. According to the work requirements, the“Implementation Plan for the Registration of Rural Land Contracting ManagementRights in Feicheng City” was formulated and promulgated. The work principle, main山东师范大学硕士学位论文IIIcontents, operation steps and work flow were clarified, and the reform mechanism wasimproved. The rural land contract management right confirmation registration certificatewas completed, and the township and village level three property rights trading networkwas improved.
  
  The effect of the reform of the early stage of Feicheng City is mainly reflected inthe four aspects of empowering farmers, activating the vitality of rural development,improving the utilization rate of land intensiveness and strengthening the supervision ofcollective assets. In order to accelerate the separation of rural land ownership,contracting rights and management rights, the three powers are divided. Createdfavorable conditions, effectively promoted factor flow and optimized resourceallocation. The reform of the rural land property rights system in Feicheng City hasbeen highly evaluated by the superiors, providing rich reference experience for thedeepening reform of other counties and cities, but at the same time there are problemssuch as unsatisfactory, irregular and poor effects, research and solve these problems, andexpand The reform effect is the main purpose of this paper. By analyzing the causes ofthe problem, the author puts forward five suggestions: First, it is recommended toestablish and improve the rural land use right transfer system, land property rightsregistration system, and strengthen the legal protection of rural land property rights.
  
  The second is to further clarify the ownership of property rights and protect thelegitimate rights and interests of farmers. The third is to strengthen the government'sguidance, strengthen supervision services and financial integration, and standardize thereform process to ensure that the reform is more specific. The fourth is to strictlyabide by the "red line" of land and protect the quality of cultivated land. The fifth is tolearn from the advanced experience of other regions, innovate reform models, andexpand the effectiveness of reforms. I hope that the above suggestions can providereference for the decision-making of relevant departments, and provide some help forthe next step to further deepen the reform of Feicheng.
  
  Key words:   rural land property right system reform; pilot; reform effect;suggestion; Feicheng city
  
  目 录
  
  中文摘要
  
  Abstract.
  
  第 1 章 绪论

  
  1.1 研究背景和意义.
  1.1.1 研究背景.
  1.1.2 研究意义.
  1.2 国内外研究现状.
  1.2.1 国外研究现状.
  1.2.2 国内研究现状.
  1.3 主要内容和研究方法.
  1.3.1 主要内容.
  1.3.2 研究方法.
  1.3.3 创新和不足.
  
  第 2 章 农村土地产权制度改革的相关概念和理论基础.
  
  2.1 相关概念界定.
  2.1.1 土地.
  2.1.2 农村集体土地.
  2.1.3 土地权利.
  2.1.4 土地产权.
  2.1.5 农村土地产权制度改革.
  2.2 马克思产权理论.
  2.3 西方产权理论.
  2.3.1 科斯产权理论.
  2.3.2 威廉姆斯产权理论.
  2.3.3 德姆塞茨产权理论.
  2.4 马克思产权理论与西方产权理论的比较.
  
  第 3 章 肥城市农村土地产权制度改革情况.
  
  3.1 肥城市改革前情况.
  3.1.1 权责不清晰
  3.1.2 要素流动慢
  3.1.3 资本融入少
  3.2 肥城市农村土地产权制度改革动因.
  3.2.1 客观方面
  3.2.2 主观方面
  3.3 改革目标.
  3.3.1 明晰土地产权.
  3.3.2 促进农村发展.
  3.3.3 维护农民利益.
  3.4 肥城市农村土地产权制度改革实践.
  3.4.1 设置改革机构.
  3.4.2 完善改革机制.
  3.4.3 土地确权登记、颁证.
  3.4.4 搭建土地流转交易平台.
  3.5 改革效果分析.
  3.5.1 赋予了农民更多权利.
  3.5.2 激发了农村发展活力.
  3.5.3 提高了土地集约利用率.
  3.5.4 强化对集体资产监管.
  
  第 4 章 肥城市农村土地产权改革中存在的主要问题及原因.
  
  4.1 存在的主要问题.
  4.1.1 确权登记颁证工作不够彻底.
  4.1.2 部分农村经营主体发展状况不佳.
  4.1.3 集体建设用地(宅基地)使用和管理存在欠缺.
  4. 2 问题成因
  4.2.1 相关法律规定有待完善.
  4.2.2 村级认识不到位.
  4.2.3 改革过多依靠国家试点支持.
  4.2.4 改革配套联动机制不完善.
  
  第 5 章 完善肥城市土地产权制度改革的对策建议
  
  5.1 做好顶层设计,完善制度法规.
  5.1.1 建立完善土地使用权流转制度.
  5.1.2 完善集体土地产权登记制度.
  5.1.3 强化对农村土地产权的政策法律保障.
  5.2 明确产权归属,保护农民利益.
  5.2.1 把握四个环节,规范改革细节.
  5.2.2 强化群众监督,清晰界定产权.
  5.3 依托政策激励,强化监管指导.
  5.3.1 强化政府引导.
  5.3.2 加强监管服务.
  5.3.3 金融融入参与.
  5.4 规范土地流转,保护耕地红线.
  5.4.1 守住耕地“红线”,坚持土地流转三条“底线” .
  5.4.2 保护耕地质量.
  5.5 借鉴先进经验,创新改革模式.
  
  结论
  
  参考文献 .
  
  致谢

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