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民企参与精准扶贫的问题探析

时间:2019-02-21 12:32作者:曼切
本文导读:这是一篇关于民企参与精准扶贫的问题探析的文章,当前我国贫困问题也是社会和谐发展过程中的主要矛盾,一直是阻碍我们发展的绊脚石,新中国成立以来,我国一直致力于贫困问题的治理,在经历了社会救助式扶贫、制度创新式扶贫以及开发式扶贫三个阶段后,中国扶贫开发

本篇文章目录导航:

【题目】民企参与精准扶贫的问题探析
【第一章】精准扶贫中民营企业介入研究绪论
【第二章】民营企业参与扶贫的方式与作用发挥
【第三章】民营企业参与扶贫动力及参与机制
【第四章】民营企业参与扶贫过程中存在问题及原因分析
【第五章】国内其他地区企业扶贫的经验借鉴
【第六章】民营企业参与扶贫问题解决之道
【展望/参考文献】民营企业精准扶贫研究展望与参考文献

  摘 要

  
  扶贫工作是民生工程的重要组成部分,任务光荣而艰巨。当前我国贫困问题也是社会和谐发展过程中的主要矛盾,一直是阻碍我们发展的绊脚石,新中国成立以来,我国一直致力于贫困问题的治理,在经历了社会救助式扶贫、制度创新式扶贫以及开发式扶贫三个阶段后,中国扶贫开发也取得了较大的成绩。十八大以来,人民对美好生活的向往与发展不平衡不充分之间的矛盾已经转变为社会主义初级阶段主要矛盾。缓解贫困地区发展不平衡不充分问题,满足贫困人群对美好生活的向往成为了当前阶段的重要任务。因此,在习近平总书记精准扶贫战略思想指引下,脱贫攻坚成为当前三大攻坚战之一。在完善国家治理体系与国家治理能力现代化背景下,构筑在党的领导下,政府主导、社会协同、民众参与的大扶贫格局成为精准扶贫的关键工作。民营企业作为市场力量,理应承担起精准扶贫的社会责任,利用自身优势,成为扶贫的重要参与者。民营企业参与情况如何?如何参与?参与动机?存在哪些问题?原因在哪里?未来如何发展成为当前扶贫领域急需关注的问题。
  
  为了回答这些问题,本次研究是在民营企业参与扶贫视域下,以鹤壁市的产业扶贫作为研究样本,对鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的现状进行研究。重点研究 2013 年以来,鹤壁市在政策帮扶、机制构筑、平台搭建及监督管理等方面上做的工作和效果,从目前来看,鹤壁市政府虽然出台了各种有利于民营企业参与产业扶贫的政策,比如通过建立为民营企业贷款担保与贴息、实行奖励性补贴等机制来促进产业扶贫的发展。但是,在鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的过程中仍然存在着一些问题:民营企业参与扶贫整体的积极性不高、对民营企业扶贫设立的目标偏宏大、民营企业在扶贫过程中 “偷工减料”等问题。

民企参与精准扶贫的问题探析

  
  本硕通过对上述鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫过程中存在的问题进行分析,对在民营企业参与扶贫过程中政府、民营企业、贫困户之间的关系和协作机制进行探究,对其他省市在民营企业扶贫工作上有显着成效的典型做法归纳总结,旨在从中找到鹤壁市民营企业面临问题的解决办法和参考意见,希望能够创造适合鹤壁市民营企业发挥作用的内外环境,充分发挥民营企业扶贫优势,走政府主导下的民营企业扶贫开发之路,对鹤壁民营企业扶贫实践提供参考。
  
  关键词:
精准扶贫,政府,民营企业,机制
  

  ABSTRACT

  
  Poverty alleviation is an important part of people's livelihood project, and the task is glorious andarduous. At present, the problem of poverty in China is also the main contradiction in the process of socialharmonious development. It has always been a stumbling block to our development. Since the founding ofnew China, China has been committed to the governance of poverty. After the three stages of socialassistance poverty alleviation, institutional innovation poverty alleviation and development type povertyalleviation, China's poverty alleviation has opened. Great achievements have been made. Since the eighteen,the contradiction between the yearning for a better life and the unbalance of development has beentransformed into the main contradiction in the primary stage of socialism. Alleviating the problem ofunbalanced development in poor areas and meeting the aspiration of poor people for a better life has becomean important task in the current stage. Therefore, under the guidance of general secretary Xi Jinping'saccurate poverty alleviation strategy, tackling poverty has become one of the three major battle areas. Underthe background of perfecting the national governance system and the modernization of the nationalgovernance capacity, under the leadership of the party, the key task of the poverty alleviation is that thegovernment led, the social coordination and the public participation in the large poverty alleviation pattern.
  
  As a market force, private enterprises should shoulder the social responsibility of precise poverty alleviationand make use of their own advantages to become an important participant in poverty alleviation. How is theparticipation of private enterprises? How to participate? Participation motivation? What are the problems?
  
  Where is the reason? How to develop in the future has become an urgent concern in the field of povertyalleviation.
  
  In order to answer these questions, this study is in the view of the private enterprises participating inpoverty alleviation, taking Hebi's industrial poverty alleviation as the research sample, and studying thestatus of the private enterprises in Hebi to participate in poverty alleviation. This paper focuses on the workand effect of Hebi city since 2013 in the aspects of policy assistance, mechanism construction, platformconstruction and supervision and management. From the present point of view, the Hebi municipalgovernment has issued various policies which are beneficial to private enterprises to participate in thepoverty alleviation of the industry, such as the establishment of a loan guarantee and interest discount forprivate enterprises, and the fact that the private enterprises have been built. The mechanism of rewardingsubsidies is to promote the development of poverty alleviation. However, there are still some problems in theprocess of private-owned enterprises participating in poverty alleviation in Hebi: the enthusiasm of privateenterprises to participate in the poverty alleviation is not high, the goal of private enterprises to set up thepoverty alleviation is big, and the private enterprises "steal the work and reduce the work" in the process ofpoverty alleviation. Through the analysis of the problems existing in the process of the participation ofprivate enterprises in the process of poverty alleviation in Hebi, this paper probes into the relationship andcooperation mechanism between the government, the private enterprises and the poor households in theprocess of the participation of the private enterprises in the process of poverty alleviation, and summarizesthe typical examples of the outstanding achievements of other provinces and cities in the support of thepoverty alleviation work of the private enterprises. In order to find the solution and reference of the privateenterprises in Hebi, we hope to create the internal and external environment suitable for the function ofprivate enterprises in Hebi, give full play to the poverty alleviation advantages of private enterprises, take theway of supporting the poverty alleviation and development of private enterprises under the leadership of thegovernment, and provide reference for the practice of poverty alleviation in Hebi private enterprises.
  
  Keywords:  precision poverty alleviation, government, private enterprises, mechanism.
  
  目 录
  
  摘 要
  
  ABSTRACT
  
  第一章 绪硕
  
  一、研究的背景及意义

  
  (一)研究背景
  (二)研究的意义
  
  二、国内外相关研究综述
  
  (一)国外研究现状
  (二)国内研究现状
  
  三、研究思路及方法
  
  (一)研究思路
  (二)研究方法
  
  第二章 鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的方式与作用发挥
  
  一、鹤壁市政府支持民营企业参与扶贫的政策体系
  二、鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的方式方法
  三、鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的作用
  
  第三章 鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫动力及参与机制
  
  一、民营企业自身经营与扶贫的关系密切
  

  (一)参与扶贫有利于自身经营
  (二)鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫优势突出
  
  二、鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的动力来源
  
  三、鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫的机制
  

  (一)在政府互惠互利政策引导下参与扶贫
  (二)民营企业依据自身经营特点参与扶贫
  (三)民营企业积极引导贫困户有机参与
  
  第四章 鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫过程中存在问题及原因分析
  
  一、存在问题
  
  二、原因分析

  
  (一)民营企业参与扶贫的硬性要求高、项目创建复杂
  (二)扶贫目标设置有待优化
  (三)部分民营企业自身经营特点不适合进行传统意义上的扶贫
  (四)压力性体制导致拉郎配
  (五)不同类型贫困户致贫因素差异较大
  
  第五章 国内其他地区企业扶贫的经验借鉴
  
  一、河北省阜平县民营企业扶贫的基本做法及经验借鉴
  

  (一)基本做法
  (二)经验借鉴
  
  二、河南省信阳市民营企业扶贫的基本做法及经验借鉴
  
  (一)基本做法
  (二)经验借鉴
  
  三、贵州省民营企业扶贫的基本做法及经验借鉴
  
  (一)基本做法
  (二)经验借鉴
  
  第六章 鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫问题解决之道
  
  一、政府进一步加强对民营企业的指引和倡导

  
  (一)引导中小型民营企业参与扶贫工作
  (二)引导民营企业多承担社会责任
  
  二、完善民营企业扶贫政策,创新扶贫机制
  
  三、政府加大对民营企业参与扶贫过程的监管力度
  
  四、创新鹤壁市民营企业参与扶贫方式方法
  
  五、充分调动贫困户的积极性
  
  第七章 研究展望
  
  参考硕献
  
  致 谢

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