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浅析婚姻法律关系在中越两国的现状

时间:2018-05-15 16:08作者:
本文导读:这是一篇关于浅析婚姻法律关系在中越两国的现状的文章,国家、社会都由一个一个家庭构成,家庭对每个人来讲意义重大,孩子在家庭中出生、成长,父母在家庭中成熟、老去,家庭生活占据了一个人绝大部分时间,涉及婚姻家庭的法律与每个公民息息相关。
  
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  【摘要及目录】浅析婚姻法律关系在中越两国的现状
  【1.2-2.2】中越边境缔结婚姻的突出问题体现
  【3.1-4.3】中国越南结婚法律规定的冲突
  【4.4-5.2】中越婚姻法律适用冲突解决
  【结论与参考文献】中越两国通婚良性发展趋势探究
 
  摘要
  
  国家、社会都由一个一个家庭构成,家庭对每个人来讲意义重大,孩子在家庭中出生、成长,父母在家庭中成熟、老去,家庭生活占据了一个人绝大部分时间,涉及婚姻家庭的法律与每个公民息息相关。同时随着全球交通高速便捷和经济飞速发展,各国公民的相互交往及跨国间人口流动日趋频繁,跨国打工潮、跨国劳务输出、跨国学习交流,涉外婚姻家庭关系也应运而生并呈现不断发展、复杂多样的趋势。随着对外开放政策的实施,中越通婚现状已由两国边境接壤地区扩展至内地欠发达地区,在广大贫困农村占有相当大比例,可以展望随着中国经济水平的提高,中越之间的通婚会逐年呈现上升趋势,研究探讨中越婚姻法律问题具有现实需求。中越通婚现状在越南国内已由早先的涉台涉港向中国内地延伸,这种现象也引起越南法律学者的重视,' " HonnhanTrung-Viet"(中越婚姻)是越南研究跨国婚姻的学者使用的专门名词,用来标明中国内地与越南两国之间的跨国婚姻关系。对中越婚姻家庭关系进行妥善调整,维护婚姻当事人的合法权益,以保障中越人民之间的友好交往。
  婚姻法律关系有别于其他各种法律关系之处在于涉及到人身关系、与人身关系相关的财产关系、亲子继承关系,具有易发生变动性、灵活性、最遵循当事人自治,更直接涉及本国的公共秩序和道德传统文化。本文将结合学者的研究及笔者工作中接触、审理的涉及中越离婚案件,通过对比中越婚姻家庭法律规定,两国国内法关于结婚、离婚、婚姻无效及可撤销、夫妻财产分割、管辖权规定、法律适用法之间的冲突及冲突的解决,着重研究中越婚姻法律规定的不同及法律适用冲突问题,运用比较分析、法律解释、案例分析的方法,对中越婚姻法律问题作一粗浅分析。
  全文分七章:引言,介绍中越通婚现状、基本特征,对国内外的研究现状进行概括说明,指出研究中越婚姻法律问题的现实必要性。论文第二章介绍中越婚姻法律的规定。第三章对中越结婚法律规定之间的冲突进行比较,第四章对中越离婚法律规定之间的冲突进行比较。第三、四章为本论文的基础问题,比较分析中越两国在各自国内婚姻家庭法中对结婚、离婚法律规定的不同,从而引出论文第五章中越婚姻法律适用冲突的解决。解决方式有两种,两国各自国内冲突法的规定为间接解决方式,两国签订双边协议、加入多边国际条约为直接解决方式。第六章提出完善中越两国法律冲突解决的建议:完善两国有关婚姻冲突法的国内法规定,包括增加补充连接点、完善有限意思自治、注重弱者权利的保护;加强两国间双边、多边涉婚姻领域协议的签订。最后第七章为结论,对全文进行总结与概括,期望本文能为中越婚姻的稳固和中越友谊提供一点借鉴意见。
  
  关键词:中越婚姻;法律规定;法律冲突
  
  ABSTRACT
  
  The state and society are made up of a family, family means a great deal toeverybo街,the child was born and raised in the family, parents in the family, mature,aging, family life occupies most of the time, a person involved in the marriage andfamily law is closely related to every citizen. At the same time as the global high-speed convenient traffic and economic rapid development, the various countries'
  citizens  interact  and  transnational  population  movements  become  increasinglyfrequent, multinational work, international labor service export, international stu街and communication, foreign marriage and family relations also arises at the historicmoment and shows the tendency of continuous development and complex and diverse.
  With the exercise of the policy of opening to the outside world, the marriage statushas been developed from the two countries in the frontier region extended to lessdeveloped areas on the mainland, in the vast rural poverty occupies a considerableproportion, can look forward to with the improvement of China's economic level, theintermarriage between the will present a trend of increasing year by year, themarriage law issues in the research has realistic demand. Status in the marriage inVietnam's domestic extension from previous Hong Kong-related involving Taiwan tomainland China, this kind of phenomenon also cause the attention of Vietnam's legalscholars,【‘'  "Honnhan Trung一Viet" (sino-vietnamese) is Vietnam research scholarsuse the terms of the multinational marriage, used to indicate the mainland China andVietnam transnational marriage relationship between the two countries. We willproperly adjust the relationship between the two families and safeguard the lawfulrights and interests of the parties to the marriage, so as to ensure friendly exchangesbetween the Chinese and Vietnamese people.
  Marriage law relationship is different from other kinds of legal relationship isinvolved in personal relations, and personal relationships relevant property relations,parent-child inheritance, is prone to volatility, flexibility, the follow the autonomy,more directly involved in the country's public order and morality of traditional culture.
  This article will combine the research of scholars and the author work contact, trialIvinvolving in the divorce case, through the comparison of the marriage and family law,domestic law in both countries about, invalid marriage and revocable marriage ordivorce, division of marital property, jurisdiction provisions, legal conflict betweenapplicable law and conflict resolution, this paper studies the difference of themarriage law and the applicable law conflict problems, using the method ofcomparative analysis, legal interpretation, case analysis, analysis of the problems withthe marriage law of the superficial.
  The full text is divided into six chapters:The introduction introduces the currentsituation and basic characteristics of the intermarriage between China and Vietnam,summarizes the research status at home and abroad, and points out the practicalnecessity of studying the legal issues of marriage between China and Vietnam. Thesecond chapter introduces the provisions of Sino-Vietnamese marriage law. The thirdchapter compares the conflict between the Chinese and Vietnamese laws on marriage,and the fourth chapter compares the conflicts between the Chinese and Vietnameselaws on divorce. The third and the fourth chapters are the basic problems of this thesis,and the differences between China and Vietnam in their respective domestic laws andregulations on marriage and divorce are compared and analyzed. The fifth chapter isabout the solution to the conflicts in the application of marriage law between Chinaand Vietnam. There are two solutions. The provisions of their respective domesticconflicts laws are indirect solutions. The two countries signed bilateral agreementsand joined the multilateral international treaties as a direct solution. In the last chapter,the author puts forward some proposals to improve Sino-Vietnamese law conflictresolution: perfecting the domestic laws and regulations on the conflict of marriagelaw between the two countries, including increasing the connection points, improvingthe autonomy of limited meanings and focusing on the protection of the rights of theweak; strengthening bilateral, Multilateral agreement in the field of marriage signed.
  The last part is the conclusion, summarizing and summarizing the full text. I hope thisarticle can provide a reference for the stability of Sino-Vietnam marriage and Sino-Vietnam friendship.

  Key Words:sino-vietnamese marriage;legal regulations;conflict of laws
  
  目录
  摘要 ABSTRACT
  
  第1章引言
  
  1.1中越通婚现状、基本特征
  1.2国内外研究动态
  1.3本文研究方法
  
  第2章中越婚姻法律的规定
  
  2.1中国关于婚姻法律的规定
  2.2越南关于婚姻法律的规定
  
  第3章中越结婚法律规定之间的冲突
  
  3.1结婚实质要件的不同
  3.2结婚形式要件的不同
  3.3中国男青年与越南女青年来华缔结婚姻案件实例
  
  第4章中越离婚法律规定之间的冲突
  
  4.1两国关于自愿离婚的条件和程序不同
  4.2两国关于诉讼离婚的条件和程序不同
  4.3两国关于婚姻无效、可撤销的规定不同
  4.4两国关于夫妻财产的法律规定不
  4.5两国关于离婚案件管辖权的规定不同
  4.6中越当事人诉讼离婚的真实案例
  
  第5章中越婚姻法律适用冲突的解决
  
  5.1中越婚姻法律适用冲突的间接解决途径
  5.2中越婚姻法律适用冲突的直接解决途径
  
  第6章中越法律冲突解决的完善建议
  
  6.1完善两国有关婚姻冲突法的国内法规定
  6.1.1增加补充连接点
  6.1.2完善有限意思自治
  6.1.3注重弱者权利保护
  6.2加强两国间双边、多边涉婚姻领域协议的签订
  
  第7章结论与展望
  
  致谢
  参考文献
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